The following supplements for glycemic control
should be used under the supervision of a health care practitioner. Care needs to be taken to not allow blood
sugar to get too low.
Ideally, fasting glucose levels should be controlled
to below 110mg/dL.
Mechanisms and effects
Blood Sugar 18-29%
LDL cholesterol 7-27% and total cholesterol 12-26%
Amount: 1 gram per day (1/4 teaspoon per day)
Adverse Reactions: No adverse effects have been reported. Research has used up to 6 grams per day.
Khan A, Safdar M, et al. Cinnamon Improves Glucose and Lipids
of People With Type 2 Diabetes Diabetes Care
Blood Sugar Significantly
Amount: Four 100mg capsules of standardized Gurmar
staggered throughout the
day. If the dried leaves are chewed gurmar
inhibits the ability to taste
Note: This is available in a more effective
extract called GS4. You can purchase
on the web at www.pharmaterra.com. GS4 can be used by individuals with
1 diabetes—they can often decrease their need for insulin by about ½.
K, et al. Antidiabetic effect of a leaf extract from Gymnema sylvestre in
non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients. J Ethnopharm
Basil (Ocimum Sanctum)
fasting glucose by about 20%
Triglycerides 16.4% and total cholesterol 11.3%
Amount: 1-4 grams of dried leaf daily
Rai V, et
al. Effect of Ocimum sanctum leaf powder on blood lipoproteins, glycated
proteins, and total amino acids in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes
mellitus. J Nutr Environ Med 1997;7:113-8.
Mechanisms and effects
essential for proper insulin function.
Amount: 200-400mcg per day
This supplement is helpful only if you are
deficient. Deficiency can be cause by a
diet high in sugar and refined carbohydrates.
It is cheaper to try this supplement for a month than to be tested for
RA, et al. Elevated intakes of supplemental chromium improve glucose and
insulin variables in individuals with Type II diabetes. Diabetes 1997;46:1786-91.
Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia)
lowers blood sugar
Amount: Begin with 50mL of juice per day for 1 week,
then 100mL for 1week, then 150mL for 1 week, then 200mL for 3 weeks. Then adjust down to an effective dose to
control blood sugar. Monitor blood
sugar carefully to avoid hypoglycemia.
This is a plant form of insulin that is effective for individuals with
type 1 diabetes. Use under the
supervision of a physician.
Y, et al. Antidiabetic and adaptogenic properties of Momordica charantia
extract: An experimental and clinical evaluation. Phytotherapy Res
Korean Ginseng (Panax Ginseng)
weight loss in obese
two to three times per day
**Ginseng should be avoided by
individuals with high blood pressure.
EA, et al. Ginseng therapy in non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. Diabetes
A high fiber diet is recommended
for diabetics for several reasons including slowing down glucose absorption and
lowering cholesterol. Some fibers offer
benefits above and beyond these effects and can be taken as supplements.
Flaxseed: Fiber, Lignans, PUFA’s, Protein
2 tablespoons ground with meal
Fenugreek: Contains many phytochemicals beneficial to
5-10 grams per day (more than 10g
may cause flatulence)
SC, et al. High a-linoleic flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum): Some
nutritional properties. Br J Nutr 1993;69:443-53.
et al. Effect of fenugreek seeds on blood glucose and serum lipids in Type I
diabetes. Eur J Clin Nutr 1990;44:301-6
et al. Effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) and fenugreek (Trigonella
foenum-graecum L.) on blood lipids, blood sugar, and platelet aggregation
in patients with coronary artery disease. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty